Why Muslims observe Ramzan and what is the significance of the fast | India News


Hundreds of thousands of Muslims all-around the planet on Thursday marked the begin of Ramzan, a month of intensive prayer, dawn-to-dusk fasting and nightly feasts. Eid-ul-Fitr marks the stop of Ramzan. The annual observance is regarded as one particular of the five pillars of Islam.

In a bid at developing an setting totally free of terror and violence for the duration of the holy month, the Centre has declared a conditional ceasefire beneath which safety forces will not start any functions in Jammu and Kashmir for the duration of Ramzan, but reserve the ideal to retaliate if attacked.

Below are some queries and answers about Islam’s holiest month. (Source: AP)

WHY DO MUSLIMS Speedy


The rapidly is meant to bring the devoted closer to God and to remind them of the suffering of these less privileged. Ramzan is a time to detach from worldly pleasures and target on one’s interior self.

It is noticed as a way to physically and spiritually purify, refraining from patterns such as smoking and caffeine. Muslims typically donate to charities for the duration of the month and feed the hungry. Lots of shell out a lot more time at mosques for the duration of Ramzan and use their downtime to recite the Quran.

Fasting for the duration of Ramzan is one particular of the five pillars of Islam, alongside with the Muslim declaration of religion, day-to-day prayer, charity, and accomplishing the hajj pilgrimage in Mecca.

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(TOI Photograph)


HOW DO THEY Speedy


Observant Muslims abstain from having and drinking from dawn to dusk for the whole month of Ramzan. A solitary sip of drinking water or a puff of a cigarette is ample to invalidate the rapidly.

Nonetheless, Muslim students say it’s not ample to just stay clear of foodstuff and drinks for the duration of the working day. Ramzan is also an workout in self-restraint. Muslims are inspired to stay clear of gossip and arguments. Sexual intercourse concerning spouses is also forbidden for the duration of the daytime rapidly.

Just just before the rapidly, Muslims have a pre-dawn food of ability food items to get them by way of the working day, the “suhoor.” Egyptians eat mashed fava beans named “ful,” spiced with cumin and olive oil, when in Lebanon and Syria, common suhoor foodstuff is flatbread with thyme, cheese or yogurt. In Afghanistan, people eat dates and dumplings stuffed with potato and leeks, 1st steamed, then fried.

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(TOI Photograph)


HOW DO MUSLIMS Crack THEIR Speedy


Muslims traditionally crack their rapidly like the Prophet Muhammad did some 1,400 several years back, with a sip of drinking water and some dates at sunset. That 1st sip of drinking water is the most predicted minute of the working day.

Following sunset prayers, a large feast regarded as “iftar” is shared with spouse and children and friends. Iftar is a social party as significantly as it is a gastronomical adventure. Throughout the Arab planet, apricot juices are an iftar staple. In South Asia and Turkey, yogurt-dependent drinks are common.

Each night of Ramzan, mosques and help companies established up tents and tables for the general public to have totally free iftar foods.

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(TOI Photograph)


CAN MUSLIMS BE EXEMPTED FROM FASTING


Of course. There are exceptions for little ones, the elderly, these who are unwell, girls who are expecting, nursing or menstruating, and people traveling, which can include things like athletes for the duration of tournaments.

Lots of Muslims, specifically these dwelling in the United States and Europe, are accepting and welcoming of other individuals all-around them who usually are not observing Ramzan.

Nonetheless, non-Muslims or adult Muslims who eat in general public for the duration of the working day can be fined or even jailed in some Mideast nations, such as Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates, which is property to large Western expat populations in Dubai and Abu Dhabi. In numerous predominantly Muslim nations like Indonesia, karaoke bars and nightclubs are closed throughout significantly of the state for the month. Dining places there use curtains to conceal clients who eat for the duration of the working day.

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And in Egypt, the Dar al-Ifta, which is the primary authority in cost of issuing spiritual edits, warned against having in general public, declaring this is not an act of “private flexibility, but chaos — an assault on Islam.”

In China, minority Uighur Muslims complain of weighty constraints by the Communist Celebration, such as bans on fasting by social gathering associates, civil servants, lecturers and students for the duration of Ramzan, as effectively as usually enforced bans on little ones attending mosques, girls carrying veils and younger gentlemen expanding beards.

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(TOI Photograph)


WHAT ARE SOME RAMZAN TRADITIONS


Normally, the begin of the month is welcomed with the greeting of “Ramzan kareem!” An additional hallmark of Ramzan is nightly prayer at the mosque amongst Sunni Muslims named “taraweeh.”

Egyptians have the custom of Ramzan lanterns named the “fanoos,” typically the centerpiece at an iftar desk or noticed hanging in window shops and from balconies. In the Arabian Gulf nations, wealthy households keep “majlises” the place they open their doorways for people to pass by all several hours of the night for foodstuff, tea, coffee and discussion.

Ever more prevalent are Ramzan tents in five-star resorts that offer lavish and pricey foods from sunset to sunrise. Although Ramzan is a boon for shops in the Middle East and South Asia, critics say the holy month is more and more starting to be commercialized.

Scholars have also been disturbed by the proliferation of evening television displays for the duration of Ramzan. In Pakistan, reside recreation displays give absent gifts selling their sponsors. In the Arab planet, month-very long soap operas starring Egypt’s major actors, rake in tens of millions of dollars in promotion.

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(TOI Photograph)


HOW DO MUSLIMS MARK THE Finish OF RAMZAN


The stop of Ramzan is marked by intensive worship as peopple find to have their prayers answered for the duration of “Laylat al-Qadr” or “the Evening of Destiny.” It is on this night, which falls for the duration of the last 10 evenings of Ramzan, that Muslims imagine that God despatched the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammad and unveiled the 1st verse of the Quran.

The stop of Ramzan is celebrated by a a few-working day holiday getaway named Eid al-Fitr. Youngsters typically obtain new dresses, gifts and income.

Muslims show up at early morning Eid prayers the working day soon after Ramzan. Family members ordinarily shell out the working day at parks and having — now for the duration of the working day.



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